Advantages and disadvantages of technology in education

Although the system of education has always been heavily affected by technological advances, however, the rapid development of new technologies led to seismic shifts in how the instruction process is conducted in schools.

Many technologists believe that the educational system is only going to advance due to an astounding increase in the number of inventions that are constantly altering the descriptions of the professions we have today. In this respect there is a consensus that the abandonment of the traditional education system altogether is likely soon, pointing out that traditional education won’t be adequate in preparing students for the upcoming challenges and requirements of the modern world.

But, skeptical people often say that we must be cautious when it comes to the introduction of new technologies into the classroom, in part because of the potentially negative effects for children, including the expansion of the existing social gap as well as an increase in those suffering with mental illnesses, as well as the decline in children’s cognitive and academic growth that could be irreparable.

In a consideration of the arguments on both sides, we’ll provide a list of the advantages and disadvantages of technology in the field of education below, and then explain how technology affects the students of today.

The advantages of technology in the classroom

As we look back over the last 100 years, the introduction of technology into classrooms has proved to be a boon for students in the younger age group and teachers. That is, when there was the rapid introduction of a variety of gadgets and the Internet students were given the chance to make their learning simpler and more enjoyable. The main advantages of technology in the classroom include:

Facilitates a more interactive experience in the teaching and learning process

With the advent of tablets, mobile phones, or computers, children are in a position to perform something they ought to have been in a position to do years back – learn effectively and effectively. In the very first instance, students are able to engage in teaching or subject with enthusiasm due to the use of applications including videos, simulations, videos, and digital books which make learning far more fun. Additionally, the ability to delve deeper into a subject that is interesting to them can help them identify their talents and interests or even the career they will pursue in the future.

Access to an unlimitable quantity of information and data from a range of sources

Alongside the fact that students approach their studies with greater enthusiasm and efficiency and are more productive, they also have the chance to get the most up-to-date information and research. This is something that their forefathers could only imagine. Instead of having to go across libraries carrying a stack of books, They are just a few mouse clicks and well-defined questions to access data that will provide them with additional information about the subjects they’re studying in school. This practice does more than allow students to receive modern educational experiences and improve their literacy skills, but helps them to search for information and read sophisticated professional texts.

Teach them digital literacy

We know that young individuals aren’t able to attain the required level of proficiency demanded by modern-day corporations in computer science courses. By implementing technology as an integral part of education, students are given the opportunity to keep up with learning trends and acquire technological/digital skills that are highly sought after in the 21st century. This type of learning is especially beneficial to students who aren’t able to access cutting-edge technology at home. This could reduce the gap between digitally proficient and illiterate people.

Reduces the cost of education

Thanks to the advancement of technology in the classroom and education, resources have become easier to access, resulting in a decrease in tuition costs as well as the necessity for books, and the cost and the reduction in the necessity for school equipment. The advent of electronic books has made life easier for families with low incomes and has allowed students to learn at a level with their peers, without the parental stress for high performance that comes from huge investments in the education of their children.

Another benefit of using e-books in the field of education is that they directly contribute to the reduction of deforestation which is among the most significant environmental issues.

Offers greater insight into student performance through the use of metrics

The past was when teachers were required to devote a significant amount of time to assess the academic progress of every student. This proved to be a huge waste of time particularly in classes that had more than 20 students. Many students do not get the right actions in their learning that could help to improve their performance, and even find their strengths of affinity.

But, since the advent of digital technology as well as the Internet in the classroom, teachers’ task of analyzing the performance of students as well as providing guidance and guidelines is now much simpler and an excellent situation for students and teachers. Particularly, with the help of platforms that collect information about student performance during class, tests as well as assignments, instructors can gain detailed information about the areas that students struggle with or do well in. Furthermore, teachers are in a position to alter their lessons by analyzing the performance of specific students or the students as a group.

They have the option of choosing between learning in real-time or at their own speed

Technology in education has helped students to be in control of their education, but it has also allowed teachers to be flexible in the transfer of knowledge to their students. In particular, this is only available at schools that allow learning that is hybrid (blended) education, i.e. the combination of real-time synchronous learning and an asynchronous learning environment where students are able to listen to lectures whenever they wish.

Being able to listen to the teacher giving instruction in real-time gives students a higher sense of belonging and lets them interact with their classmates, just as meeting face-to-face with the instructor. On the other hand, more self-sufficient students who are confident about their time management and commitment management abilities are able to learn at any time they want to.

Technology in education has its disadvantages.

It’s wonderful to be a believer in the continual technological advancement However, it is equally crucial to be aware of the negative effects of technology in education and the ways it could cause permanent issues for children. In particular, many skeptics in the field of humanities and social sciences often identify the negative aspects of technology in the field of education and how it could adversely affect certain aspects as well as the overall quality of life of children and their development.

It’s distracting inside the classroom as well as outside of it.

The advocates of using technology in education frequently forget that students utilize their smartphones and tablets all day long, even after they’ve completed their academic activities. For instance, thanks to the constant amount of video and social media games, children’s brains have become familiar with entertaining, intense, and short-term media that quickly stimulates the dopamine receptor.

The most significant issue here is the fact that everyday use of technology reduces attention span. Research indicates that the focus span for children in Generation Z is around 8.2 seconds. While teachers might be motivated, however, the use of apps that do not have anything to do with the learning process itself should be limited and technology should only be utilized only in classes when absolutely required.

The potential for cognitive decline is diminished and decreases problem-solving abilities

Technology is always a good goal, which is to cut down on the time required and to make it simpler to complete certain mechanical tasks. But, technology has made it possible to automate almost every school activity. Why does a child need to master fundamental math when they have calculators on their phones or tablet? Or why do they require learning spelling since they already have to autocorrect software?

What was initially intended to be a positive goal has now resulted in the fact that future generations will not be able to complete everyday cognitive tasks without the aid of technology. Furthermore, it must be noted that when kids utilize technology to solve issues in school, they slowly reduce their problem-solving skills which are highly sought-after skills. The only way to solve this issue is to have educators and educational institutions generally impose limitations concerning the usage of technologies in the classroom.

woman holding silver iPhone 6

Reduces direct peer interaction

While technology-based digital tools have been demonstrated to boost students’ progress and facilitate collaboration, they do not meet our basic requirement for interaction in real time. We have been living as social beings for the past tens of thousands of years and yet we believe we can sway our genes to be more social.

Even though young people have interactions with their teachers, parents, and other peers, the proportion of adolescents who are diagnosed with depression in some form is growing and is now 20 percent. The only remedy that educators and educational institutions can provide is to help youngsters to participate in interaction with each other in a person-to-person manner.

Modern technology maintenance is extremely expensive

The expense of upgrading and maintaining technological advancements is usually neglected. In a time when new advancements in the field of digital technology occur almost every day and updating software and applications constantly demands more powerful hardware, the idea that education technology is the best option is a bit naive.

Teaching and learning are possible without technology, the issue is how effective the new skills acquired will be in the next few generations of technological regress. In order to avoid regretting the purchase of technological advancements, schools are required to calculate the true cost of the investment and how that will impact the tuition fees which students and parents have to pay.

It is much easier to cheat on examinations.

One of the biggest issues teachers have to face is cheating on exams and not being able to gain insight into the student’s understanding of the lesson. This is also the most significant issue when it comes to online exams, as teachers don’t always know if students are connected to a different device when they take the test. This could lead to lasting consequences, mostly because of the inability of educational institutions to make sure that students actually have the skills required to succeed at higher education levels or for their work.

The number of teachers has decreased due to automation and decreased salary

In the age of technology in the curriculum and the changing function of the teacher as an authoritative figure and mediator is gradually diminishing. It is worth noting that the rise of automation in education as well as the advent of certain programs have led to a decline in the number of instructors employed in modern schools. But, teachers who remain have more responsibility than they did before and their earnings are not rising in line with their duties, which is why many of them have been forced to quit their jobs.

As we mentioned earlier in a discussion of the benefits of technology in the classroom students have the chance to have access to a variety of information which makes learning more enjoyable however the issue is how long it takes to plan and integrate this content into a cohesive totality. The increased responsibilities relate to the preparations needed for class, the significance and complexity of which are often overlooked by many, mostly because it’s not obvious to parents.

The issue that must be solved is that educational institutions must not treat teachers as manual laborers which is the initial step to this goal is to increase their salaries and give them the dignity they merit. Otherwise, we’ll have disengaged teachers who do not care about passing on the knowledge they have to their pupils and the result is a generation of people who are not able to be productive citizens of society.

The final thoughts regarding the advantages and disadvantages of using technology in schools

Many people have differing opinions about the introduction of these changes to the educational system, particularly when it’s made so abruptly and within this short amount of period of time. However, one must be realistic about whether the benefits still outweigh the drawbacks.

Therefore, the constant insistence on the disadvantages of technology shouldn’t be interpreted as an attempt to return to the traditional schooling system instead, it should be seen as a cause to be cautious and a chance to be able to spot the weaknesses in the methods and technologies employed in education. It is the responsibility of educators and institutions of higher education to examine the shortcomings with the next revision and to improve the quality of education both in their online as well as physical classrooms.

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